Archives for posts with tag: Hanoi

Carved Sexually explicit figures at Giarai (Jarai) Tomb, Vietnamese Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi

Built in 1998 by Rchom Ju, Rchom Ek, Rchom Uek, Ksor Ul, and Ksor Ka-ro (Giarai Arap group), from Mrong Ngo village, Ia Ka commune, Chu Pa district, Gia Lai province. The most prominent decorations on the Giarai tomb are large wooden sculptures carved from tree trunks using adzes, cutlasses and knives. Carvings of sexually-explicit men and women and pregnant women symbolise fertility and birth. Other carvings of seated children (often placed at the four corners), animals, and everyday people are the ‘servants’ of the dead in the afterlife. Broken or inverted serving dishes, bottles, cups and trays, and wooden models of tools are placed inside the tomb to provide the deceased with the necessities they will need in the other world. The tomb’s wooden roof is covered with a tightly plaited bamboo matting. Men join together to embellish this with delicate, curvilinear designs painted with natural red pigments. Crowning the roof is an intricately carved openwork panel depicting the rituals that accompany the tomb and its abandonment ceremony. Once the ceremony is concluded, the tomb will be abandoned to fall to pieces.

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Photography © Quintin Lake, 2010

Text © 2005 by Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Bahnar Communal House, Vietnamese Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi

Front of Bahnar Communal House, Vietnamese Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi

The communal house is the most important building in a Bahnar village. Traditionally, communal houses serve as meeting halls for the men in the village and as places where rituals, celebrations, and preparation for war or defense of the village take place. This house was built after the model of the 20th century communal house of Kon Rbang village (Vinh Quang commune, Kontum Town, Kontum Province). This model house in Kon Rbang is the only one that maintains the traditional system of building with poles and beams, which has existed for over 70 years in the Central Highlands. In order to create a traditional communal house untouched by modernisation, museum researchers worked closely with villagers and consulted old photographs to better understand the traditional model. The form, size, and structure of the museum’s communal house replicate those found in the village now, though the house you see here has restored many of the traditional features that have been lost in today’s village houses. The roof here is made of straw rather than corrugated iron. The rafters are made of circle-shaped pieces of wood rather than square ones. The floor is made of bamboo rather than wooden planks. The stairs are rounded pieces of wood rather than cement. The wood, bamboo, rattan, and straw used for making the house were brought from the Central Highlands.

The diameter of the largest poles is 60cm. The length of the beams is 14–15 m. The height of the roof is nearly 19m including the decorative frame, with each of the principal roof beams about 13m long. The 90m2 floor is elevated 3m above the ground and accessed by four sets of stairs. The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology invited 29 Bahnar people from Kon Rbang to construct the house on the museum grounds. The first poles were erected on April 26, 2003. On June 4, 2003, the house was fully completed. Visitors to the VME now have the rare opportunity of experiencing this unique architectural style first-hand and appreciating the traditional culture and craftsmanship of the Bahnar people. The construction of the Bahnar communal house was made possible by the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany through the German Embassy.

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Photography © Quintin Lake, 2010

Text © 2005 by Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Floating boat houses on the Red River, seen from Long Bien Bridge, Hanoi, Vietnam

Floating boat houses on the Red River with suburban hanoi in the distance, seen from Long Bien Bridge, Hanoi, Vietnam

North of the Long Bien Bridge bridge are poorest of Hanoi who live physically and figuratively at the edge of the city in these makeshift floating shelters.

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Photography © Quintin Lake, 2010

Facade of the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum "Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh" inscribed across it, meaning "President Ho Chi Minh" , Ba Dinh Square Hanoi, Vietnam

The Hồ Chí Minh Mausoleum (Vietnamese: Lăng Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh) is a large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the center of Ba Dinh Square, which is the place where Ho read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Built 1973-1975. Ho Chi Minh’s body is preserved in the cooled, central hall of the mausoleum, with a military honor guard.

Entrance to Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum with guard of honor , Ba Dinh Square Hanoi, Vietnam

The Totalitarian / Stalinist mausoleum was inspired by Lenin’s Mausoleum in Moscow (see images) and is contextual to the extent that the roof lines and peristyle vaguely recall traditional houses. The exterior is made of gray granite, while the interior is gray, black, and red polished stone. The mausoleum’s portico has the words “Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh” inscribed across it, meaning “President Ho Chi Minh” inlaid from crimson stone gem of Cao Bang.

Two platforms with seven steps for parade viewing. flanking the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ba Dinh Square, Hanoi, Vietnam

Construction materials were brought from all over the country and the Soviet Union also sent two thousand slabs of marble and polished marble to decorate the tomb. The structure is 21.6 metres high and 41.2 metres wide. Flanking the mausoleum are two platforms with seven steps for parade viewing.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and Ba Dinh Square, Hanoi, Vietnam

The Mausoleum is designed to have high durability against the bombing and earthquake. There are also special protection against floods and the glass coffin is built to withstand large mechanical force and “special accommodations” are in place to keep the corpse safe in case of war.

VIEW MORE IMAGES / BUY PRINTS / LICENCE photographs of the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi, Vietnam, here

Photography © Quintin Lake, 2010

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